Rules of boxing: regulations, equipment, list of violations

Rules of boxing

In the article “Rules of boxing” we will talk about the basic rules of the popular martial art, consider the inventory, equipment, as well as show all the violations of the rules.

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Boxing is one of the oldest and most popular sports in the world. Boxing competitions take place all over the world and gather millions of online and thousands of offline fans. Naturally, this army has long known the rules of boxing, knows the changes, and knows the history of their idols. If for some reason you don’t know the rules of boxing, our article will help correct that.

There are two trends in boxing: Amateur fights and Professional fights. The basic rules in both areas are similar, but we won’t start with the differences, but with the place where the fight takes place.

Boxing ring

Boxing ring
Boxing ring

The boxing ring is a square, ranging in size from 5.82 to 7.8 meters. The ring is fenced with 4 rows of ropes at a height of 40, 70, 100 and 130 centimeters. Corners of the ring are made of soft bridges, made of dense material.

The structure of the ring reminds of a large double bed. The basis of the boxing stage is a steel frame. On top of it is attached to the wooden platform in sections.

The wooden platform looks like an ordinary plywood, and its thickness is only 20 mm. But it is only outwardly, but in fact, the array consists of 10 birch panels, which are glued and tightly pressed together.

The most important thing in the ring is the flooring or the so-called mattress. It is made of polyethylene foam, which allows absorbing energy and does not spoil for a long time, it is not afraid of high loads and moisture.

And finally, the final touch of any ring – the safety ropes. They close the space, and the ring becomes a cage. Under the multi-colored cover a 4-cm metal rope in a soft sheath is hidden.

Boxer’s equipment

The boxing helmet was abolished in amateur fights quite some time ago. Instead, coaches are advised to apply a face protector, which prevents cuts. The helmet is used only in women and junior fights.

Neuromuscular mouth guard
Neuromuscular mouth guard

According to the rules of boxing, the use of a mouth guard in all fights is mandatory. A mouth guard is a shock-absorber device between the lower jaw and skull that protects the athlete’s teeth. If the collision between the fist and the chin could not be avoided, the mouth guard absorbs 40% of the impact energy.

Today the mouth guard is not only a boxer’s protection, but also his secret weapon, because it can increase the athlete’s strength by 30%. We are talking about a neuromuscular mouth guard, which is made individually for each athlete.

The neuromuscular mouth guard contains information about the position of the athlete’s jaw, in which all muscles are relaxed. When wearing the mouth guard, the athlete automatically starts the mode of “relaxation of the muscles of the jaw”, which helps to avoid reflex overstrain of the muscles of the back and neck.

Groin protection. The use of shells is mandatory in amateur boxing. But in professional fights, a wide belt is used, which serves as a kind of groin protection projector.

Uniform. In amateur fights, the uniform consists of a T-shirt, shorts, light shoes and socks. All uniforms are strictly regulated. For example, socks should not protrude above the knee, and shoes should not have spikes. In professional fights a tank top is not used.

Boxing gloves
Boxing gloves

Gloves. All boxing gloves are made of high quality genuine leather. According to the rules of the International Federation, substitute leather has no place in the ring. Natural leather, as elastic fabric, stretches over the frame of the glove without leaving wrinkles, but a leather substitute on the contrary. Each such crease can give an extra abrasion on your opponent’s face, and the life span of leatherette will be much shorter.

But it’s not the cover that counts, it’s the content. A couple of decades ago, boxing mittens were filled with pressed horsehair for stiffness. Over time, it would bunch up, and the athlete would strike with practically his bare hand.

Today, the intradermal sheath contains a voluminous polypropylene skeleton, deliberately laced with heavy-duty lavsan threads.

Boxing glove frame
Boxing glove frame

In addition, a special roller, or as it is called, supinator is sewn into the glove, which does not allow the athlete to fully clench his fist, thereby making it harder for the boxer to knock out his opponent. The knuckle is only 8mm thick, but it reduces the impact force by 2 times.

The gloves have different weight. Weight 284-grams (10 ounces) is used in fights up to the first welterweight (64 kg), and 340-grams (12 ounces) in all other weight classes.

Basic rules of boxing

The fight is divided into rounds of 3 minutes each with a break of 1 minute and takes place on a specially prepared area – the ring, where each boxer has his corner, in which the boxer rests between rounds. The fight is judged by the judge in the ring, the referee.

Amateurs fight lasts 3 or 4 rounds and the winner is determined by the number of points given for hits to the body and face of the opponent. Professional fights can last from 10 to 12 rounds.

In professional boxing the referee, referees, seconds and even the fighter himself can stop the fight because of an injury that prevents the continuation of the fight. In this case, the injured fighter is considered to have suffered a technical defeat as a result of a knockout. Also a technical defeat will end the fight, if one of the fighters is knocked out three times in one round or four times during the fight.

In addition to the technical knockout, the fight can also end with a regular knockout, which counts if the boxer who missed the punch is unable to continue the fight after the referee finishes the count to 10.

In most cases, the fight ends without a knockout. In this case, the victory is awarded to the fighter who scored more points for the punches. Ties in boxing are not provided.

In addition, the fight may end in failure, if the athlete’s coach throws a white towel in the ring. Usually, this situation occurs when the coach sees that his ward is clearly losing to his opponent, or he has suffered an injury that makes it pointless to continue the fight.

There are situations when the fight ends with the non-appearance of an athlete or because of the disqualification of one of the fighters. Disqualification occurs due to repeated violations of the rules, which we will talk about below.

Violations of the rules in boxing

You could say that the rules of boxing are all the things that are not forbidden. Below are the types of violations in the form of pictures. It is better to see once than to hear 100 times wpml smile

Types of violations in boxing 1

Types of violations in boxing 2

Types of violations in boxing 3Types of violations in boxing 4

Types of violations in boxing 5

And finally, we recommend a video about women’s boxing for your viewing pleasure.

Women’s boxing


Bandages in boxing are used to protect the hands (tendons, fingers and wrist). Blows during the fight are not always perfectly applied, which leads to various injuries (sprains, dislocations and fractures). 70% of injuries occur due to the structure of boxing gloves.

The first place is occupied by two boxers: George Foreman and Ernie Shavers. Their kick reached 1900 psi (≈ 134 kg/cm²). The second place with 1800 psi (≈ 127 kg/cm²) belongs to Mike Tyson and Joe Frazier.

In amateur boxing the wearing of a beard is forbidden by the rules of competitions, because the beard can hide or vice versa cause injuries, soften the blow or hide vulnerable parts of the head (chin, neck) from the opponent. In professional boxing the decision about facial hair is made by the boxing board. As a rule, boxers are allowed to fight with a small beard that cannot cause injuries and is not an additional protection.

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